What are wisdom teeth?
Wisdom teeth are the last molars on the upper and lower jaws. They are the most posterior placed teeth in our dental arch. Though usually, they come when an individual is in their late teens. As part of the evolutionary change, some individuals do not develop the wisdom teeth at all. Very rarely some individuals form more than four wisdom teeth. Impacted wisdom tooth might erupt partially into the oral cavity or might not erupt at all.
Are my wisdom teeth impacted?
Wisdom teeth if erupted correctly can be examined in your mouth if you look on each side of both the jaws. Sometimes the wisdom teeth are impacted and might be slightly visible or are not at all evident in the mouth. In that case, the presence of wisdom teeth can only be verified by an X-Ray. To know the angle of impaction, the development of the tooth and other factors, an X-Ray is usually the preferred choice.
Wisdom teeth can be seen erupting or appearing in the oral cavity in early adulthood, somewhere between the ages of 16 to 26. It is most likely that an individual will feel the effects of an erupting wisdom tooth long before they are visible. Wisdom teeth while erupting may lead to a dull pain in the back of the jaws. It is more like a throbbing and a feeling of pressure. If you go to a general dentist for help, they can often inform you of the eruption and the condition of these teeth. The dentists at Niddrie Dental Clinic based in Melbourne region have experience in diagnosing wisdom teeth problems and providing treatment for the same.
Do all wisdom teeth need removal?
For some individuals, wisdom teeth erupt without any issues. Shortage of space, abnormal eruption and positioning, partial eruption and crowding often affects some people. These cases might require extraction. If not treated appropriately and promptly it can lead to infection and inflammation. The operculum is the soft tissue covering a partially erupted wisdom teeth. Food might get stuck between the wisdom tooth and the operculum leading to a buildup of bacteria. This in-turn produces an infection called pericoronitis. But all wisdom teeth do not need to be extracted. A wisdom tooth which erupts without any issues does not require extraction. But the individual has to take thorough care of his dental hygiene by regular brushing, cleaning, and flossing.
The Problems and Treatments
Pericoronitis is one of the most common reason for an individual to present for an emergency dental appointment. The symptoms of pericoronitis are:-
- Inflammation of gum tissue just behind the last molar
- Bad smell and taste
- Pain while biting
- Pus oozing from the area
- Sometimes, the infection can lead to swelling of the gum tissue, the cheek or the entire jaw section related to the disease.
A wisdom tooth can get impacted at an angle which can affect the adjacent molar in many ways. It becomes relatively difficult to maintain good oral hygiene due to food impaction. In some cases, the position of a wisdom tooth can cause decay on the second molar. In these instances, the wisdom teeth need extraction. Sometimes requiring emergency dental services before a severe infection develops. On the other hand, the wisdom teeth need removal if it is hindering in maintaining oral hygiene. Niddrie Dental Clinic dentists expertise in the emergency extraction of wisdom teeth.
Sometimes the wisdom teeth cause pain as a result of inflammation/infection caused by poor oral hygiene. One can avoid extraction in this instance if oral health is improved. In case that there is a little tissue covering the back of the tooth, that person may feel pain while chewing on that gum tissue. If there is enough space for the wisdom tooth to erupt, the gum tissue can be removed entirely to cure this problem. A change in the brushing angle and increasing the frequency of flossing both in front and behind the wisdom teeth can keep the gum tissues stable and avoid the occurrence of gingivitis or other painful contaminations. Usually, the state of the wisdom teeth changes a considerable measure between the ages of 16 and 23. Thus it is critical that these teeth are inspected by a dental expert regularly to decide the correct diagnosis. Expert dentist at Niddrie Dental Clinic can assist you all the way through.