Periodontitis or gum disease is a long-term multifactorial disease that causes deterioration of the gums and the underlying bone that supports your teeth. Soreness, swelling or bleeding of the gums when you brush or floss may be early warning signs of this, although these symptoms arenot always present.

What causes it?

The body’s overreaction to the accumulation of bacteria (plaque) on the teeth
causes gum disease.

Major Risk Factors that can lead to gum disease are:

  • Poor Oral hygiene
  • Smoking
  • Stress
  • Genetics
  • Pregnancy
  • Medications etc.

A thorough dental check-up in a timely treatment is important to prevent progression of the disease. Periodontitis is an irreversible condition, and once the bone surrounding the tooth starts deteriorating, it won’t grow back even with treatment. However, treating the disease will help prevent rapid progression and maintain the bone levels. Timely treatment will also reduce the risk of tooth loss.

At Niddrie Dental Clinic, we will routinely screen for any signs of gum disease at your check-up appointment. If it is detected, we can offer a range of solutions – from Oral hygiene instructions to a more frequent clean. If required we will recommend deep cleaning right through to referral to a specialist. Treatment of your gum disease is largely dependent upon the stage of your infection and the amount of deterioration involving your gums, teeth, supporting tissues and bone. Regular dental checkups and visits to your dentist can prevent gum disease.