Periodontitis or gum disease, is a chronic infection that causes deterioration of the gums and the underlying bone that supports your teeth. Soreness, swelling or bleeding of the gums when you brush or floss may be early warning signs of this pathology, although these symptoms are not always present. Gum disease is generally caused by the body’s overreaction to the accumulation of bacteria (plaque) on the teeth. Major Risk Factors Leading to Gum Disease are smoking, chew tobacco, stress, genetics, pregnancy, medications etc. Treatment is important to prevent the unsightly recession of the gums, exposure of underlying tooth roots and associated sensitivity. Timely treatment will also reduce the risk of tooth loss.
At Niddrie Dental Clinic, we will routinely screen for the vicinity of gum disease at every check-up. If it is detected, we can offer a range of solutions – from periodontal (deep) cleaning under local anesthetic right through to referral to a specialist Periodontist. Treatment of your gum disease is largely dependent upon the stage of your infection and the amount of deterioration involving your gums, teeth, supporting tissues and bone. Visits to your dentist can prevent gum disease.